Although these guidelines emphasize treatment, prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations also are discussed.
Carmen (not her real name), 27, is a film editor in Los Angeles who has had repeat infections of bacterial vaginosis (BV).
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can have a range of signs and symptoms, including no symptoms.
That's why they may go unnoticed until complications occur or a partner is diagnosed.
Signs and symptoms that might indicate an STI include: Sexual activity plays a role in spreading many other infectious agents, although it's possible to be infected without sexual contact.
Examples include the hepatitis A, B and C viruses, shigella, and Giardia intestinalis.
Anyone who is sexually active risks exposure to a sexually transmitted infection to some degree.
Factors that may increase that risk include: Certain STIs — such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV and syphilis — can be passed from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy or delivery.
STIs in infants can cause serious problems and may be fatal.
All pregnant women should be screened for these infections and treated.
Because many people in the early stages of an STI experience no symptoms, screening for STIs is important in preventing complications.
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia These guidelines for the treatment of persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were updated by CDC after consultation with a group of professionals knowledgeable in the field of STDs who met in Atlanta on April 30–May 2, 2013.