It is important to clarify that while there are private schools in India, they are highly regulated in terms of what they can teach, in what form they can operate (must be a non-profit to run any accredited educational institution) and all other aspects of operation.Hence, the differentiation of government schools and private schools can be misguiding.In India's education system, a significant number of seats are reserved under affirmative action policies for the historically disadvantaged Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes.
A good discussion will try to arrive at a solution that shows balance.
You need to demonstrate your understanding of the issue from more than one perspective alone.
The conclusion at the end should indicate a filtration of the more relevant issues and recommendations for policies / changes that can be made in the current system.
Given below are a few sample topics along with pointers towards what kind of conclusions can be drawn from the discussion.
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state, and local.
Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14.The ratio of public schools to private schools in India is 7:5.India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three-quarters of the population in the 7-10 age group, by 2011.Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions.While enrolment in higher education has increased steadily over the past decade, reaching a Gross Enrolment Ratio of 24% in 2013, a challenge that will be necessary to overcome in order to continue to reap a demographic dividend from India's comparatively young population.At the primary and secondary level, India has a large private school system complementing the government run schools, with 29% of students receiving private education in the 6 to 14 age group.