NOTE: The CDC has identified Brazil as an affected area of the Zika outbreak.
Pregnant women are advised to be cautious as the virus can lead to birth defects.
Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil) is the largest country in South America and fifth largest in the world.
Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda.
It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia, the wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls, there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil.
Brazil was inhabited solely by indigenous people, mainly of the Tupi and Guarani ethnic groups.
Meanwhile, extermination and Christianizing of natives kept its pace, and in the 19th and 20th centuries a second wave of immigration took place, mainly Italian, German (in southern Brazil), Spanish, Japanese (in São Paulo and Paraná states) and Portuguese, making Brazilian culture and society complex and unique.
Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation on September 7th, 1822.
Until 1889 Brazil was an Empire under the rule of Dom Pedro I and his son Dom Pedro II.
By this time, it became an emerging international power.
Settling by the Portuguese began late in the 16th century, with the extraction of valuable wood from the pau brasil tree, from which the country draws its name.
Brazil was settled by the Portuguese and not the Spanish, as were the rest of Central, South and parts of North America in the New World.
Despite Portuguese rule, some parts of Brazil formed a Dutch colony between 16.