One argument against female participation, both at the World Anti-Slavery Convention, and commonly in the nineteenth century, was the suggestion that women were ill-constituted to assume male responsibilities.Abolitionist Thomas Wentworth Higginson argued against this, stating: I do not see how any woman can avoid a thrill of indignation when she first opens her eyes to the fact that it is really contempt, not reverence, that has so long kept her sex from an equal share of legal, political, and educational rights...[a woman needs equal rights] not because she is man's better half, but because she is his other half.
The 18th century saw male philosophers attracted to issues of human rights, and men such as the Marquis de Condorcet championed women's education.
Liberals, such as the utilitarian Jeremy Bentham, demanded equal rights for women in every sense, as people increasingly came to believe that women were treated unfairly under the law.
In 1866, John Stuart Mill, author of The Subjection of Women, presented a women's petition to the British parliament, and supported an amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill.
Although his efforts focused on the problems of married women, it was an acknowledgment that marriage for Victorian women was predicated upon a sacrifice of liberty, rights, and property.
His involvement in the women's movement stemmed from his long-standing friendship with Harriet Taylor, whom he eventually married.
In 1840, women were refused the right to participate at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London.Supporters of the women attending argued that it was hypocritical to forbid women and men from sitting together at this convention to end slavery; they cited similar segregationist arguments in the United States that were used to separate whites and blacks.When women were still denied to join in the proceedings, abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison, Charles Lenox Remond, Nathaniel Peabody Rogers, and Henry Stanton, all elected to sit silently with the women.Tomorrow, September 22nd, at a.m., Chelsea Manning will stand in front of a disciplinary board at the United States Disciplinary Barracks (USDB) in Kansas, and be forced to defend herself for her suicide attempt in July.The charges, which have already been dismantled by here, are bizarre.Since the 19th century, men have taken part in significant cultural and political responses to feminism within each "wave" of the movement.