Having clarified that up front, I’m going to go with the popular usage here.
While there is no widely accepted diagnostic test, NTs are fairly easy to spot once you know what to look for.
Perhaps the most obvious giveaway is an NT’s tendency to make “small talk” or to want to “chat” with you.
While small talk appears to be nonfunctional, for NTs it serves a very specific purpose.
It’s a good idea to humor them and participate to whatever degree you can tolerate. NTs enjoy all sorts of physical contact and often use touch to greet friends, family and even casual acquaintances. For example, you may notice that NTs have a tendency to say something other than what they mean.
If you or someone you love is on the spectrum, then the answer is probably “a lot.” The authors’ desire to start at the beginning is commendable but honestly I skip over these introductory chapters.
I have the DSM diagnostic criteria memorized and I’m on intimate terms with the signs and symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome.
Perhaps a more useful opening chapter for aspies would be: ?
Neurotypical is a term that’s thrown around in the autism community like everyone instinctively knows what it means.
If this is a new word for you (like it was for me not so long ago), in the ASD community, neurotypical is often used to refer to people who are not on the autism spectrum.
It’s a mash-up of the words “neurologically typical” and is often shortened to NT.
A more correct word for someone who is not autistic is allistic.