The Filipino American population first started booming after the Philippines became a territory of the United States in 1898.
They arrived as laborers, mostly in agriculture and domestic service, and as students.
By 1930, the Filipino American population numbered 45,026.
This includes hapas of part-Filipino ancestry, who make up 22 percent of the Filipino American population -- the third-highest rate among major APA groups (behind Native Hawaiians and Japanese). Amid promises of monetary success, young displaced male Filipinos with minimal educations and bleak economic futures readily chose to immigrate to the United States -- especially since their status as American nationals after the Spanish- American War made it easy to do so.
The first wave of Filipinos to enter and remain in significant numbers immigrated to Hawaii from 1906 to 1935, working in sugar and pineapple plantations and later the farms of California as migrant laborers.
However, beginning in the 1920s and exploding by the 1930s, sentiment against Filipinos took a decidedly hostile turn.
Legislative testimony in California documented negative stereotypes that focused on the sexual prowess of Filipino males.
Within a few years, less than a tenth of the Filipino immigrants were laborers; two-thirds were professional and technical workers.
Today, Filipinos are dispersed throughout the nation, but most still live in California and Hawaii, a legacy of the laborers who worked the fields and canneries of the West Coast in the early 1900s and created communities and social networks there. military bases in the Philippines heavily recruited Filipinos for enlisted positions and civilian jobs.In 2000, seven of the ten cities with the largest Filipino populations were in California. Many enlisted Filipinos were sent to bases in the U. San Diego's Filipino community is a direct outgrowth of the Naval base there.Most grew out of social networks formed by military relationships between the Philippines and the U. More recently, economic opportunities have lured Filipinos to states like Nevada.Initially, Filipinos had not been barred from marrying white women.However, concerns of racial purity and mixed- race offspring prompted lawmakers to amend anti-miscegenation laws to include Filipinos.The Tydings-Mc Duffy Act of 1935 limited immigration from the Philippines by granting it independence, which reclassified Filipinos as aliens, and then limiting their immigration to 50 individuals per year.